The Borobudur temple is one of the ancientmonument in Indonesia that are most frequently visitedby domestic as well as by foreign visitors. And it had been acclaimed by the world as a cultural heritage of mandkind.
Its architectural style has no equal througout the world; its own – inspiring structure representing the micro cosmos have very often given rise to question e.g. when, in what way, during how long time, and by whom the sanctuary had been built.
The right answer up to now have remained a mistery since no written documents had been found so far. Most scholars, based on brieff inscription of the covered base of Borobudur, are of the opinion that Borobudur temple was built approximately around the year 800 AD, when Central Java was ruled by Samaratungga, king of the Cailendra dynasti, who adhered to Mahayana Buddhism.
However, in the beginning of teent century AD, becaused of the political situation in Central Java devine monuments in that area, including Borobudur temple became completely neglected and given over to decay. The sanctuary was exposed to volcanic eruption and other ravages of nature.
Neglected and abondoned for almost one thousand year Borobudur was in ruinous condition when it was rediscovered in 1814. Since then the efforts had been made to preserved it. In 1907 – 1911, a large scale restoration was carried out by the Dutch Government, directed by the Th. Van Erp, an army engineer officer.
From technical point of view the Van Erp’s restoration can be evaluated as successful, but a great many parts of structure were not put back in their original position and places.